Hubs and user choice

Blockstack operates a default Gaia storage hub at Individuals or organizations may also run their own hubs, either as a for-profit service or for other reasons.


Each user with an identity in the Blockstack Network has a Gaia hub configured on their profile. New users that create identities with the Blockstack Browser automatically are given storage on this default hub. For a user to have a storage hub other than this default, the user must create an identity through an application that enables storage hub selection.

Note: Users with existing identities cannot yet migrate their data from one hub to another.

Enable the Gaia hub URL option for new users

A major principle of Blockstack applications is that DApps do not store or replicated user data. Through the Gaia feature, Blockstack seeks to empower users to choose where to store their data and how they manage it.

As a step towards fulfilling this principle, DApp developers can configure their application to prompt new users to provide a Gaia hub URL. An application with this feature enabled presents users creating an identity for the first time with this prompt:

Official provider

Users can choose to Use Blockstack’s official provider or Use a different provider. Choosing the non-default option prompts the user with the following:

Different provider

Users can enter the HTTPS address of a hub hosted by an entity other than Blockstack. Once the user submits the above form, they continue through the standard identity creation. As they use DApps on the Blockstack Network, all their data is stored in this storage hub and not the default Blockstack hub.

Enabling hub selection in your DApp

To enable this feature, you must ensure your DApp is using the latest version of the blockstack.js library. Instead of the default flow redirectToSignIn() method, you must use the makeAuthRequest() method. This method takes the following parameters:

transitPrivateKey(String = generateAndStoreTransitKey())
A HEX encoded transit private key.
redirectURI(String = `${window.location.origin}/`)
Location to redirect the user to after sign in approval.
manifestURI(String = `${window.location.origin}/manifest.json`)
Location of this app's manifest file.
scopes (Array = DEFAULT_SCOPE)
The permissions this app is requesting.
appDomain(String = window.location.origin)
The origin of this app.
expiresAt(Number = nextHour().getTime())
The time at which this request is no longer valid.
extraParams(Object = {})
Any extra parameters to pass to the authenticator. Use this to pass options that aren't part of the Blockstack authentication specification, but might be supported by special authenticators.

To ensure your DApps identity creation flow includes the Gaia URL, modify the makeAuthRequest() method to apply the solicitGaiaHubUrl parameter with value true when executing the method:

import {
} from 'blockstack';

const authRequest = makeAuthRequest(
  ['store_write', 'publish_data'],
  nextHour().getTime(), {
    solicitGaiaHubUrl: true
  } // new options param

You can also pass a suggested Gaia storage hub URL also. For example, you might do this if you have a corporate client whose employees would all like to use your application with a company-run Gaia hub. To do this, you provide an additional recommendedGaiaHubUrl value alongside the solicitGaiaHubUrl

Hello, Hub Choice Tutorial for a tutorial on using the makeAuthRequest() method.